Monographs 2020-06-15T06:02:11+00:00



Stoyanov, V.  Empirical psychological research: Quantitative versus qualitative approach. Varna: STENO, 2020, pp. 1-185. ISBN 978-619-241-087-2.


MEDNIKAROV, Boyan. Naval Education in Bulgaria – Current State and Perspectives. Varna: Nikola Vaptsarov Naval Academu, Published by E-litera Soft, 2019. ISBN 978-954-2912-79-8.

Abstract: The purpose of this monograph is to contribute to and enrich the conceptual framework of developing the naval education system in the Republic of Bulgaria in the changing environment. The author’s primary focus is on: research into general theoretical problems of how the naval education system functions; analysis of the environment in which this system functions; generating approaches and directions for the development of the national naval education in the changing environment. This research can be used for the purposes of preparing the management of the military education institutions.

Keywords: naval education system; military education institutions; Nikola Vaptsarov Naval Academy; management of the naval education

Scientific reviewers:

  1. Prof. PhD Daniela Todorova,
  2. Assoc. Prof. Dr. Sc. Vladimir Velichkov.

Editor: PhD Vania Koleva.


 VELIKOVA, G. Term Formation and Terminological Designation in English and Bulgarian Logistics Terms. Varna: STENO, 2018. ISBN 978-954-449-985-3.

Abstract: The present book is concerned with term formation and terminological designation in the English and Bulgarian terminological systems of logistics. The investigation discusses first semantic patterns of term formation based on metaphorical and metonymical transfer, specialization and extension of the commonly used meaning of words accompanied by the processes of terminologization, determinologization and reterminologization. The morphological method of term formation which is most often represented by affixation and compounding is covered next. Conversion, although rarely met in Bulgarian terminology, is also examined. The syntactic method of forming terminological phrases and their constituents typical of English and Bulgarian terms is analyzed after that. Yet another important source of terminology, related to shortening and its subtypes – univerbisation, abbreviation and clipping – is considered, too. Last but not least, one of the most productive means of term formation – borrowing from foreign languages – is explored in detail, accounting for the majority of terms in Bulgarian, namely types of borrowings, source language and target language translation equivalents, established models of borrowing, whether single terms or terminological phrases, etc. Methods are suggested how to interpret and teach them. The conclusions from the research are substantiated by statistical data.

Key words: logistics terminology, term formation, terminological designation, patterns of term formation


  1. Prof. Rumyana Balinova Todorova,  PhD,  Constantine of Preslav University, Shumen
  2. Assoc. Prof. Sonya Ivanova Toncheva, PhD, N. Vaptsarov Naval Academy, Varna

YOTSOV, I. Conditions for the development of economic corridors in Eurasia Place and role of the Republic of Bulgaria in the implementation of the concept of building economic corridors. Varna: E-Litera Soft, 2018. ISBN 978-954-2912-71-2.

Abstract: Only a decade ago the world was a relatively peaceful place. Of course, there were many conflicts with varying degrees of intensity and confrontations of a different nature, but they were more of a local nature. Globally, the world has accepted that a global power can independently guide world affairs in a way that fits its understanding. In history, events are repeated without be copyed. Sometimes the “actors” are the same, sometimes they are changed, but the main scenario of the “play” remains unchanged. In this sense, human history has witnessed many such attempts, but no one expected the processes of deglobalization
begin to develop so dynamically. At the same time, the creation of multiple centers of influence with relevant integration unions and international bodies,
accompanied by a change in the balance of power at world level does not mean that the same “play” will not be played again. Nevertheless, the changes are in place and, apart from the purely political aspects they have, their impact on the development of economic relations is of utmost importance because, ultimately, the economy is the base on which society is built. It is difficult, even impossible for small countries to independently influence these processes. This is the reason why the conditions need to be carefully assessed. Thus they can find their place, role and importance and preserve their sovereignty and dignity.

Such a thesis may encounter resistance from adherents of one or another center of influence because the lack of impartiality and sometimes strong dependence does not allow an independent assessment of the conditions. This fact would not in itself be of special significance if it did not lead to the inability to make adequate and responsible decisions in which the history of the Bulgarian state has countless examples.
It is a fact the deepening of mutual interdependence at the global level, an essential element of which is the economic interaction between the countries. It is precisely this interaction that becomes the cause of a fierce competitive race. On the one hand, this is because the volume of the world product at a given time is limited and every country therefore strives to attract a larger share of it in the channels of its international trade and production chains. On the other hand, economic interaction is becoming the basis for deepening cooperation, understanding and building strong ties in all areas of international
The growing globalization of industry and trade, which is more and more characterized by a global territorial distribution of supply chains, is increasingly demanding for transport as part of logistics systems. In this respect, the different means of transportation and the macro-framework, and in particular the transport and communication infrastructure, are constantly evolving to meet the increasing demands.
Only with significant qualitative and quantitative changes in these structures is it possible to build and control internationally oriented efficient supply chains.
At present, in Bulgarian political circles, there is an underestimation of the dynamics of global conditions, both politically and economically, and the place and role that our country may have in them. This is why the monograph has demonstrated that building a transnational logistic corridor is a key element of strategic importance as it is the basis for the development of international economic relations, further integration and their transformation into economic advantages.
The study also presents conclusions on the development of environmentally, economically, socially and politically balanced sustainable transport concepts.
The results of this study can be used by authorities involved in developing government policy in the transport sector and by operators to obtain a better assessment of the environment and price formation in transport services and to improve their competitiveness.
Proved in the monograph are the following: it is essential to build transnational logistic corridors as a basis for the development of international economic relations, further integration and their transformation into economic; globalization is a major factor in the development of economic corridors; transnational companies are a major player in international economic relations and a factor for development; transport corridors are the physical basis for building and developing logistics and economic corridors; the economic corridors in Eurasia will be built and short sea shipping in the Black Sea is the regional link between Asia and Europe.
The aim is to analyze the conditions affecting the development of economic corridors in Eurasia and on this basis to determine what is the place and role of Bulgaria in these processes in order to make a proper assessment and make responsible decisions. This objective is achieved by the following research tasks:

  •  the global strategic conditions affecting the development of the trans-national logistics corridors in Eurasia have been explored;
  • the regional conditions in the Black Sea region and Central Asia are addressed;
  • the prospects for the development of transnational logistics corridors in Eurasia and the place and role of the short sea shipping concept in the Black Sea as a link between transport systems in Central Asia and Europe;
  • what are the national conditions, taking into account the context of the country’s membership in the European Union;
  • an analysis of the Eurasian transport corridors was carried out, with particular reference to the links between the respective transport systems.

The theoretical and methodological basis of the study are the positions formulated in the works of foreign and Bulgarian scientists devoted to the scientific and practical problems in the development of economic corridors. The development of the present work is based on the use of inductive, deductive and traductive methods by studying the content of publications, statistical and historical analysis. The comparative analyzes, conclusions and recommendations are based on examples from world practice. A problem-oriented approach has been used to draw lessons that would be useful to strengthen the political dialogue of the Bulgarian government and increase the country’s participation in the development of economic corridors.

Keywords: economic corridors, logistic corridors, transport corridors, intermodal transport, multimodal transport, supply chains, TNC, globalization, de-globalization, short sea shipping


  1. Prof. PhD Dimitar Dimitrakiev
  2. Prof. PhD Vania Banabakova
  3. Prof. PhD Daniela Todorova


ALEXANDROV, Chavdar. Surveillance Sensors in Vessel Traffic Management and Information Systems. Varna: Nikola Vaptsarov Naval Academy, 2017. ISBN 978-619-7428-00-1.

Abstract: The book represents intensive progress of communication and information technologies and their applications in shipping during the recent years, as well as some research results in the area, carried out in the Department of Electronics, Nikola Vaptsarov Naval Academy. Book’s content represents the technical structure of Bulgarian Vessel Traffic Management and Information System, VTMIS, which had been built up over a number of almost 20 years period and successfully completed thanks to financial support of European Union. Main topics are devoted to subsystems, providing information for building up full picture of the traffic in the area of operation and representing theoretical background, up-to-date status of utilized technologies and technical specifications with evaluations of operating parameters. Topics are worked out by using sufficient and precise mathematical tools and are provided with reference lists. (In Bulgarian)

Keywords: Vessel Traffic Management and Information Systems VTMIS, Radar, Radio navigation, Communications at sea and GMDSS

Scientific reviewer:

  1. Prof. D. Sc. Eng. Assen Nedev
  2. Assoc. prof. D-r Eng. Ancho Draganov

TSVETKOV, Miroslav. Integrated simulation complex for the training of maritime officers on marine radars systems and ARPA



Scientific reviewer:

  1. Assoc. prof. D-r Eng. Chavdar Alexandrov
  2. Assoc. prof. D-r Eng. Ancho Draganov

Varna: Nikola Vaptsarov Naval Academy, 2017. ISBN 978-619-7428-12-4.

DACHEV, Y. Maritime charts. Varna: Steno, 2017. ISBN 978-954-449-910-5.


  1. Prof. PhD Blagovest Belev – Nikola Vaptsarov Naval Academy, Varna
  2. Prof. PhD Andrey Andreev – University of Shoumen

STOIANOV, Nikola. Risks and threats to the security of the water transport-transmission system. Varna: Terra Balkanika, 2017. ISBN 978-619-90844-0-3.

Abstract: The topic of the security of the water transport system is determined by the role of maritime transport in the sustainable development of maritime countries and the challenges facing the modern world in relation to threats to maritime security.

The object of scientific research is the security of the water transport system.

The subject of the research is the maritime security policy of the International Maritime Organization and the European Union’s Maritime Security Policy.

The working hypothesis of the study is that on the basis of existing theories, methods and approaches related to IMO maritime security policy and the European Maritime Security Strategy, an architectural framework can be created to serve as a theoretical basis for the creation of a national maritime strategy and a unified national maritime policy.

As a result of the research, the following conclusions can be summarized:

  1. Knowledge of the existing challenges and threats to maritime security on a global and regional scale is updated.
  2. Systematized, detailed, refined and executed with specific content are a basic part of the terms used in the Republic of Bulgaria regarding the maritime security.
  3. Relationship has been analyzed and the causal relationship between the International Maritime Organization’s security policy and its impact on the European Maritime Safety Policy has been identified.

Achieving the goals of the survey can serve as a basis for the creation of a national maritime strategy and a unified state maritime policy.

Keywords: maritime security, piracy, maritime terrorism

Scientific reviewer:

  1. Capt. (N) Assoc.Prof. PhD Nedko Dimitrov
  2. CDR PhD Valentin Vasilev


KOZHUHAROV,  Asen.  Bulgarian Naval Officers Training Abroad (1882-1944). Varna: Terra Balkanika, 2015. ISBN 978-619-90140-6-6.

Abstract:  The work analyses primary archive sources referring to Bulgarian cadets and officers education and training at Russian and West European Naval academies from 1882 to 1944. On these grounds the book establishes detailed time frames concerning the education process abroad.
The study focuses on the reasons for sending Bulgarian trainees abroad
and their further contribution for establishing the framework of Bulgarian shipping and naval education system.

Keywords: Imperial Russian Navy, Kronstadt, Brest, Trieste, Bulgarian naval officers, professional training, educational systems.

Scientific reviewer:

  1. Assoc Professor Anatolij Prokopiev.
  2. Assoc Professor Petyr Dereliev.

Editor: PhD Vania Koleva. 

  VICHEVA, Pettina. Collocations in Maritime English as Knowledge Items. Varna: Terra Balkanika, 2015. ISBN 978-819-90140-4-2.

Abstract: Maritime English as part of English for Specialized Purposes has its own particular characteristics and organization. At the core of the characteristics lies the word terminology. Terminology is the subject that deals with naming the concepts transferred into terms. Concepts can be described only by acquiring knowledge about their characteristics and concept naming involves matching these characteristics with the appropriate linguistic forms (terms). The relationship between knowledge and terminology has been pointed out by both information scientists and terminologists.


  1. Assoc. Prof. Sonia Toncheva
    Assoc. Prof.  Neli Vasileva


TONCHEVA, S. The Ganres Used by the Maritime Discourse Community. Varna: Steno, 2005. ISBN 954-449-241-0.